Having solar panels is always beneficial whether it’s for a residence or some commercial because it saves high energy costs. But, you have to install it properly to make the system more effective. It is easy to install a small solar system without professional help, but large projects need expert installation. You can save money with DIY installation, but you have to follow certain steps in this case. We have a guide for you to easily install solar panels.
Things To Consider Before Installation
Certain factors affect the number of solar panels and their size, so you have to consider them before installation, such as:
How Much Power You Need: Look at the lights and appliances that you want to run with solar power. Depending on your electricity costs, you can decide to power up the whole building with solar energy or can use it for a few appliances.
Your Location: Sunlight varies in each area, so you have to see how many hours you get it. If there is more sunlight for a long duration, you will get more solar power absorbed by the panels. You will need a few panels in a sunny location but the number will increase if the sun hours are less.
Building Size and Architecture: Whether a home or some other building, its size and design determine the number of panels you should have and where to install them. A large roof area allows you to install several panels. But, you have to go for ground installation if the rooftop is small. Besides, the roof design also determines if you have to direct the panels towards the sun or not.
Product Quality: The quality of solar panels and installation accessories is crucial. Poor products won’t work for longer even if you install them perfectly. You can explore different places and read genuine reviews to find a high-quality solar system. Kits are also available in this case or you can buy various components separately.
So How Solar Panels Are Installed?
Now let’s move to the next step
Solar Panels Installation
The installation of solar panels is a complete process, involving different steps, so let’s explore them one by one.
- Building Survey: You will have to start with the building survey to see which location is the best for panels. If the sun falls somewhere directly, it does not confirm that place the best. In fact, a roof’s direction and pitch affect solar panel’s efficiency. So, select a location where the solar panel can receive more sunlight for several hours.
- Prepare A Platform: You need to make a base for the panels that you can build with metal rails, like aluminum. Make sure the mounting system is according to a panel’s width and length. Besides, the platform should be durable so it can tolerate severe weather. You have to run conduits from the panels to the indoor where gadgets need solar power.
- Installation: You need installation accessories, including bolts, screws, brackets, and clamps according to the panel. Ground installation is safe, but you have to be very careful during a rooftop installation as accidents may happen.
- Component Wiring: Solar modules need wiring and connectors, but a fuse combiner system also helps in this case. The cables should be insulated to prevent power leakage or shocks. Once everything is ready, connect the indoor control panels with solar panel’s wiring. Inverters are also involved, depending on the solar system you have. This stage is very sensitive so you should do it only if you know how to wire everything. Better get some expert technician if you can’t handle it, as injuries may happen.
- Solar Panels Earthing: After wiring becomes the earthling stage for a mounting unit and panels. Grounding is essential to avoid electric shocks and prevent the fire that may happen during installation. Earthing also protects solar panels from lightning and power surge. Make sure to install the earthing rods 6 inches above the ground. This step is important because of a metal mounting system. Likewise, you also have to ground the indoor control panel if the building does not have it.
- Join the Electrical Parts: Now, you need to join the electrical components of the solar system. You can do it easily as the wiring is already there, depending on the solar system. There are several electrical components in the case of a solar system with a battery backup. So, be sure that panels, charge controller, inverter, and battery are well connected. Now, it’s easy to direct the solar power from the inverter to the indoor electric control panel.
- Testing: It’s time to test your solar panels, but make sure to re-inspect each component before testing. The test ensures that everything is in its place and working perfectly.
After getting satisfied with the installation, you can enjoy the benefits of low-cost energy. By doing a little effort just for once, you can enjoy free and clean energy.
How the System Works
Once solar panels are in the right position, they start to absorb the sunlight to turn it into electricity. The batteries help save the electricity that you use to run different DC appliances or devices.
Whereas there is also a direct way to get AC from the panels or power bank that further helps operate multiple home appliances or lights that need the AC electricity.
It’s always good to have a solar system because you get renewable energy that is safe for the environment. Besides, you can enhance the economy by investing in sustainable and free energy. Like, you can also sell electricity to the grids and earn handsome money while helping others have continuous electricity.
Moreover, the traditional electricity charges are getting high by day and solar power is the best solution. You can get rid of the stress that electricity bills bring with them each month and you have to find ways to reduce it. Especially, remote areas can also take benefit from a solar system.